Golfers Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)

Golfers Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)

What is golfers elbow?

Golfers elbow causes pain and swelling in the tendons that link the forearm to the elbow. Golfers elbow pain is located on the bump on the inside of your elbow, although it may spread to the forearm too. Any repetitive hand, wrist or forearm movements can lead to golfer’s elbow. Golfer’s elbow is generally caused by overuse of the muscles in the forearm that allow for gripping, rotation of the arm, and flexing of the wrist. Thus, repetitive flexing, gripping and swinging can result in the pulls and tears that bring on golfers elbow. Sports that are at risk include racket sports, bowling and cricket.


The main symptom of golfers elbow is a pain located near the bone on the inside of the elbow. It can spread along the inner forearm too. In many cases, the pain becomes increasingly worse.

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Trouble flexing elbow


As with any similar injury, it is critical to get treatment for golfer’s elbow quickly.

  • Cooling therapy (Physicool)
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Physiotherapy

Protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation (PRICE) is one of the most recommended approaches for the management of sprains and injuries like golfers elbow. The aim is to minimize swelling, inflammation and pain, to provide the best conditions for healing to take place.

The PRICE approach is recommended by NHS Choices:

  • Protection – protect the elbow from further injury – using a support bandage if appropriate
  • Rest – stop the activity that caused the injury, and rest the injured joint or muscle. Avoid activity for the first 48 to 72 hours after injury
  • Ice – for the first 48 to 72 hours after the injury, apply a cooling therapy like Physicool
  • Compression – compress or bandage the injured area to limit any swelling and movement that could damage it further
  • Elevation – keep the injured area raised and supported on a pillow to help reduce swelling

Physicool provides the key stages of PRICE in a single reusable bandage, providing protection, cooling and compression for golfers elbow to help the healing process. A Physicool bandage can be applied to the elbow and the cooling effect recharged by spraying Physicool Coolant directly onto the bandage while it is in position.

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